BIOS

Like other vendors, Supermicro hasn't changed much in its firmware design since the jump from Z390 to Z490. Using a very similar UEFI BIOS to the previous C9Z390-PGW, the C9Z490-PGW only differs in the menus' complexity, with a new set of options for Comet Lake's Thermal Velocity Boost (TVB) feature. The SuperO firmware uses a uniform GUI, which includes a primarily black color scheme, with shades of grey and blue throughout. The text is white, with highlights in a darker shade of blue to signify which option is currently selected. The firmware also has two primary modes, including an EZ mode and Advanced, including all of the customizable options and functions.

When booting into the BIOS for the first time, users will be greeted with the EZ mode, including a variety of key and vital information. From top to bottom, the EZ mode includes information about the BIOS version installed onto the 256 Mb BIOS chip and information about the installed processor, memory, and storage. Users can enable X.M.P 2.0 profiles on supported memory at the click of a button, with a fan profile information panel that resembles a tachometer. On the right-hand side, users can choose between three profiles specific overclocking profiles, including default, OC mode, and auto-tuning, which affords the board the ability to overclock the processor based on set parameters within the firmware.

Some of the board's most important settings for maximizing performance come under the TDP Configuration settings. This is where users can configure the power limit settings, which are inherently set to Intel default specifications, with no profile or settings to enable a form ofmulti-core enhancement (MCE). This means that when a processor is installed into the C9Z490-PGW, it runs to Intel's recommendations without any tampering to PL or Tau, which most vendors implement on its firmware by default to give it an edge over the competition. Although the board is more than capable of handling extra power and overclocks, the decision is with the end-user.

The rest of the board's firmware includes overclocking options, which can be found under the aptly named overclocking tab. This includes multiple settings, including CPU frequency configuration either by all-core or per-core, and options for BCLK control, voltage controls for multiple areas, including CPU VCore, CPU PLL, VSCIO, as well as advanced memory options for altering things such as frequency and latencies. Overall the firmware is neatly presented, includes a fan profile customization utility, and includes multiple security options, which the vast majority of Supermicro motherboards include. Despite this being a consumer Z490 motherboard, Supermicro plays to its strengths. The board, which resembles the firmware, shows the board is more than capable of use in a professional environment. 

Software

The only piece of software included with the C9Z490-PGW is the SuperOBooster utility. This is also supported by the Realtek Audio HD Manager software, which accompanies the drivers for the ALC1220 HD audio codec. This allows users to customize and tweak the audio settings and add reminiscent effects of the Windows XP days. 

It includes a mixture of various software elements, including overclocking functionality for both the CPU and memory and making on-the-fly voltage and load-line calibration adjustments. One interesting element to consider in our testing is that when we made alterations within the software, upon rebooting and entering the firmware, these changes would be consistent, meaning that both the software and firmware work hand in hand. Users can also customize the fan profile settings under the Thermal tab, with customization options available per header, not including the water pump header, and sync them up. The last tab allows users to update the firmware with the latest version available to download from the Supermicro servers.

Visual Inspection Board Features, Test Bed and Setup
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  • edzieba - Tuesday, December 22, 2020 - link

    The x16 slots are 4 slots apart. Reply
  • Jorgp2 - Tuesday, December 22, 2020 - link

    Any GPU is single slot if you stick a water block on it. Reply
  • CheapSushi - Wednesday, December 23, 2020 - link

    No, shut up. It's great that SuperMicro is making these and it is an option. Why don't YOU focus on other products. Reply
  • idimitro - Monday, December 21, 2020 - link

    I wish Supermicro will do similar board for AM4 as well. Heck they can even use PLX chip with PCIe4 to PCIe3 capabilities. It will be able to provide a ton of PCIe3 lanes and let's face it - in the enthusiast/home server you don't really need all the PCIe4 you can get. Reply
  • lmcd - Monday, December 21, 2020 - link

    The only PCIe beneficiary is storage and even that is only realistically for peak throughput, which is usually not the bottleneck. Reply
  • npz - Monday, December 21, 2020 - link

    Yeah X570 boards now are moderately constrained and B550 boards are very constrained (in addition to the chipset being 3.0 instead of 4.0) as far as pcie lane allocation goes. For onboard and add-on devices you typically have to sacrifice SATA ports and/or pcie slots and/or lanes in those slots.

    A bridge + switch to convert the bandwidth from pcie 4.0 to pcie 3.0 would allow 2x the 3.0 downstream lanes for the same 4.0 upstream lanes. It would add more latency so it probably wouldn't be appropriate for time sensitive devices like audio, but otherwise perfect for lots of storage and nics and/or additional gpus for compute

    There are external PCIE switch backplane enclosures and proprietary server designs with hot-pluggable slots/modules, but those are really expensive.
    Reply
  • Foeketijn - Tuesday, December 22, 2020 - link

    Just any AM4 board. I am used to use Supermicro (often e3 xeon in boards). I sell computers that are expected to last. Not be a performance part perse.
    Now I use Asrock rack board for these cases.
    Also fine, but I was used to the supermicro ipmi (although the Asrock implementation is better).
    Reply
  • Jorgp2 - Tuesday, December 22, 2020 - link

    A PCI-E 4 switch would probably cost as much as this board. Reply
  • phoenix_rizzen - Monday, December 28, 2020 - link

    It would be nice if there was a B550 board that could convert the PCIe 4 lanes from the CPU to double the PCIe 3 lanes available for storage.

    Would be nice to have 6x SATA ports and 2x full-speed (x4) M.2 ports available simultaneously. And still have an x16 for the GPU. With all the USB/NIC ports off the chipset.

    Everything I've found so far let's you have either 6x SATA or 2x M.2, but not both at once (2x SATA ports use the same lanes as 1x of the M.2 ports).

    It's just not as "clean" to have to stick an HBA into the case. And having one M.2 slot be PCIe 4 while the other is PCIe 3 is unbalanced.

    Ah well, we can always dream...
    Reply
  • dsplover - Monday, December 21, 2020 - link

    Supermicro boards last forever. They don’t need to be “current.” My P4SCT+II still comes in handy for certain tasks. I do wish they would consider a Desktop AMD in 2021. Reply

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