The 64 Core Threadripper 3990X CPU Review: In The Midst Of Chaos, AMD Seeks Opportunityby Dr. Ian Cutress & Gavin Bonshor on February 7, 2020 9:00 AM EST
Frequency, Temperature, and Power
A lot of questions will be asked about the frequency, temperature, and power of this chip: splitting 280W across all the cores might result in a low all-core frequency and require a super high current draw, or given recent reports of AMD CPUs not meeting their rated turbo frequencies. We wanted to put our data right here in the front half of the review to address this straight away.
We kept this test simple – we used our new NAMD benchmark, a molecular dynamics compute solver, which is an example workload for a system with this many cores. It’s a heavy all-core load that continually cycles around the ApoA1 test simulating as many picoseconds of molecular movement as possible. We run a frequency and thermal logger, left the system idle for 30 seconds to reach an idle steady state, and then fired up the benchmark until a steady state was reached.
For the frequencies we saw an ‘idle’ of ~3600 MHz, which then spiked to 4167 MHz when the test began, and average 3463 MHz across all cores over the first 6 minutes or so of the test. We saw a frequency low point of 2935 MHz, however in this context it’s the average that matters.
For thermals on the same benchmark, using our Thermaltake Riing 360 closed loop liquid cooler, we saw 35ºC reported on the CPU at idle, which rose to 64ºC after 90 seconds or so, and a steady state after five minutes at 68ºC. This is an ideal scenario, due to the system being on an open test bed, but the thing to note here is that despite the high overall power of the CPU, the power per core is not that high.
This is our usual test suite for per-core power, however I’ve condensed it horizontally as having all 64 cores is a bit much. At the low loads, we’re seeing the first few cores take 8-10W of power each, for 4.35 GHz, however at the other end of the scale, the CPUs are barely touching 3.0 W each, for 3.45 GHz. At this end of the spectrum, we’re definitely seeing AMD’s Zen 2 cores perform at a very efficient point, and that’s even without all 280 W, given that around 80-90W is required for the chipset and inter-chip infinity fabric: all 64 cores, running at almost 3.5 GHz, for around 200W. From this data, we need at least 20 cores active in order to hit the full 280W of the processor.
We can compare these values to other AMD Threadripper processors, as well as the high-end Ryzens:
|AMD Power/Frequency Comparison|
|3990X||64||280 W||10.4 W||4350||3.0 W||3450|
|3970X||32||280 W||13.0 W||4310||7.0 W||3810|
|3960X||24||280 W||13.5 W||4400||8.6 W||3950|
|3950X||16||105 W||18.3 W||4450||7.1 W||3885|
The 3990X exhibits a much lower power-per-core value than any of the other CPUs, which means a lower per-core frequency, but it isn’t all that far off at all: less than half the power for only 400 MHz less. This is where the real efficiency of these CPUs comes into play.
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boozed - Saturday, February 8, 2020 - linkI think the more appropriate description for that is "provocative", and not in the intellectual way.
BenSkywalker - Saturday, February 8, 2020 - linkNot the one who made the original comment but.... RAM?
512 GB max..?
Just checked Dell for lower tier workstations then what this is purported to be competing against and they offer 6TB of RAM. 2GB per thread is meh when looking at netbooks.
There must be some usage scenario for this processor with its extremely limited memory capacity and very high thread count, I just can't think of what it would be that isn't already done on GPUs/tensor hardware/vector co processors.
Cooe - Sunday, February 9, 2020 - linkNo single socket workstation can handle 6TB of memory.... Xeon-W is limited to like 1.5TB.
BenSkywalker - Tuesday, February 11, 2020 - link3TB single socket- https://www.newegg.com/p/N82E16813183686
If you could show me a 3TB counterpart for this chip, despite being considerably less RAM per core, it would at least make sense. 512MB for a 128 thread CPU...
BenSkywalker - Tuesday, February 11, 2020 - link512GB even....
twtech - Saturday, February 15, 2020 - linkRendering (some are still CPU-only), code compiling are two that come to mind.
alufan - Friday, February 7, 2020 - linkbet you have trouble sitting right now and for the next year or so at least
DigitalFreak - Friday, February 7, 2020 - linkAnother useless post from timecop1818
See, it's do easy anyone can do it!
Cellar Door - Friday, February 7, 2020 - linkCan Anandtech finally implement a rank based comment system with admins please?
So we don't get obvious Intel propaganda like this, literally any idiot can write whatever they want as the top comment here.
eek2121 - Friday, February 7, 2020 - linkI get the feeling that AnandTech is operating on a shoestring budget. For a very modest fee I know I personally could provide them with a much better platform.